Help clients explore potential personal meaning of such experiences Acknowledge and explore clients' spiritual and transpersonal views Enhance the novelty, flexibility and variety of their interventions Further encourage use of intuitive thought processes. Approach: Participants will be encouraged to share their own experience of synchronicity in pairs and with the larger group.
Case examples will be presented with accompanying outcome data. Articles and practical exercises for identifying and exploring possible interpretation of synchronistic experiences will be drawn from the presenter's website www. Caveats: This session introduces strategies to supplement therapist's practice as usual.
Exploring synchronicity is not intended to replace client's use of rational thought processes to address life problems. This approach would also only be useful with clients who wish to explore transpersonal experiences. Aim: The question of how the human visual system recognizes objects from different viewing directions has been the source of ongoing debate amongst researchers and theorists.
The current study was designed to investigate the role of 3D symmetry in object recognition across changes in viewpoint, using stimuli created to replicate those of Pizlo's research group as closely as possible. Design: Participants' recognition performance in a sequential matching task was examined for symmetrical and asymmetrical 3D objects across multiple viewpoints, rotated in depth.
There was a performance advantage for symmetrical over asymmetrical objects in a first experiment, where certain test viewpoints for symmetrical objects approximated mirror reflections. However, this advantage disappeared in a second experiment, where test viewpoints did not contain any mirror reflections. Symmetrical objects may facilitate shape constancy to the extent that image features are preserved between views. Sleep is the body's primary mechanism to effect physical and mental restoration.
Despite the prevalence of the consumption of alcohol mixed with energy drinks AmEDs amongst young adults, to date, no objective research has investigated AmEDs' effects on sleep. This study aimed to pilot this investigation utilising spectral analysis of the sleep electroencephalogram EEG ; the gold standard in quantitative sleep measurement.
Applied Ecological Psychology for Schools Within Communities
Delta EEG activity 0. Both alcohol and caffeine the primary psychoactive ingredients in AmEDs exhibit independent disruptive SWS effects; alcohol increases alpha power and caffeine increases beta power. It was therefore hypothesized that AmEDs would similarly exhibit these effects. As alcohol and caffeine exhibit variability in their respective metabolisms, this study utilised a repeated measures design with four levels alcohol, ED, AmED, placebo.
Exclusion criteria were confounding health, psychiatric, substance use, or sleep problems were indicated. Following an adaptation night, participants consumed one of the four beverages before sleep each experimental night. Sleep data was visually scored; then, power spectral analysis was utilized to measure delta, alpha and beta power during SWS in the first sleep cycle. Given this study is the first to pilot this investigation, and only focused on SWS in the first sleep cycle, it is paramount that further investigation be conducted across all EEG power spectra across the night.
This will potentially elucidate the extent of AmEDs' disruptive sleep effects. Binocular rivalry BR is the spontaneous perceptual alterations that occur when different images are presented to each eye. The alternations, thought to be mediated by the relative levels of cortical excitation and inhibition, are a potential biomarker for clinical populations in which this cortical balance might be altered, such as Autism. A slower rate of perceptual alternation has been found between autism patients and control participants, with the magnitude of these differences correlating with symptom severity.
However, findings are mixed and the stimuli used fail to tap into a core feature of Autism, social dysfunction. In a series of blocks, we presented different images, one to each eye, using a mirror stereoscope and asked participants to continuously report which image they perceived. Overall, the results imply BR may still be a significant biomarker for autism, but only for clinical populations. Chronic boredom can cause such high levels of intellectual frustration that symptoms that manifest can be, and often are, misinterpreted as mental health and behavioural issues both in children and in adults.
Psychologist John Eastwood and his colleagues have concluded that boredom is best described in terms of attention. In a repetitive and mundane work environment, gifted adults may also experience the acute frustration that can not only masquerade as a gamut of mental health issues but can also trigger rage and withdrawal. When holding back this anger leads to episodes of anxiety and depression it becomes a vicious circle.
I will also outline the types of therapy and counselling techniques that tend to work well for this population, including aspects of Narrative Therapy, Positive Psychology, Mindfulness Techniques and Dabrowski's Theory of Positive Disintegration. Participants will gain knowledge and a skill set to help them meet the counselling needs characteristic of intellectually and creatively gifted clients experiencing chronic boredom.
They will come away with greater understanding of how intellectual frustration affects these clients, as well as a working knowledge of the pros and cons of particular therapeutic approaches. Individual differences in the ability to successfully inhibit motor responses have been strongly linked to activation in the right inferior frontal gyrus rIFG.
The high activity Val allele contributes to lower dopamine levels in the PFC, whereas individuals with the Met allele tend to exhibit higher dopamine levels. Aim: This study tested the hypothesis that as a result of dopamine variation, COMT genotype groups differ in response inhibition ability, as well as neural activity in the rIFG when withholding a motor response. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that response inhibition is sensitive to dopamine level, and specifically that lower dopamine levels may lead to better inhibitory control.
This may have important implications for treating response inhibition deficits in psychiatric disorders, which are thought to underlie compulsive and impulsive behaviours. Background: Australian psychologists seeking endorsement in an area of psychology i.
The funding was to develop and implement a group supervision program for psychology registrars and those psychologists in their first year of clinical practice after graduation. Approach : Education session: The psychology group supervision program is amongst the first of its kind in Australia, and commenced at Monash Health in Victoria, Australia in early We aim to share our knowledge and experience with running the program, and will discuss important supervision and learning principles.
We will present data from both supervisees i. Connellan M. The recent graduate and registrar perspective.
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The future of clinical neuropsychology graduates in Australia. Poster presentation. APS congress, Australia, Smith RA, Pilling S. Allied health graduate program — supporting the transition from student to professional in an interdisciplinary program. Professor Grinyer states Contemporary education and research into supervision emphasises the importance of relational and reflective competence….
Although didactic approaches may be appropriate to increase knowledge and technical skills, supervision also provides an important opportunity for interactional learning that can include a focus on challenging relational dynamics. Our objective is to present and discuss the evidence for unconscious processes and how they affect therapy processes and outcomes and evidence for the transformative aspects of the experience of feeling deeply understood. We also intend to discuss future directions for reflective practices that develop of a deeper empathic understanding of our clients, and promote insight and experience to grow the capacity in clinicians to perceive what has not been integrated.
Reflective practice arguably plays a central role in preventing clinical burnout and this will be discussed as an important future direction. Results: pregnancies from women were included. One in ten women 9. It is likely that this has the potential to improve a their mental health; b their relationships with offspring; and c the physical and mental health of their offspring.
It has long been established that the left hemisphere of the brain plays a crucial role in the processing of language. This has been attributed to its parallel processing technique, which involves encoding and recognising words as whole units. Compound words such as strawberry are made up of two individual words constituents , and are processed differently to other words. They have consequently been widely studied, however the manner in which each hemisphere processes compound words has not yet been examined. This study aimed to investigate hemispheric differences in the processing of compound words, using orthographic and semantic priming paradigms.
A central compound word prime was followed by a related target related to the whole prime, the first constituent, or the second constituent or an unrelated target presented in the left or right visual field; participants made a lexical decision in response to the target word. Analysis of reaction time and accuracy data showed that in the orthographic priming experiment, the hemispheres performed differently.
The right hemisphere performed best when targets were related to the first constituent, whereas the left hemisphere performed equally efficiently whether the target was related to the first or the second constituent. In the semantic experiment, there was no difference in performance between the hemispheres. This study thus supports the notion that the hemispheres use different processing strategies for language, and presents new evidence suggesting that the hemispheric asymmetry in word recognition is most evident for orthography.
Furthermore, the current study contributes to growing evidence regarding the right hemisphere's language capabilities, particularly for semantic processing. Aim: Previous research suggests that people who believe intelligence can be developed over time incremental theorists may have difficulties in accurately gauging the progress of their own learning i.
As incremental views of intelligence are being promoted to educators and policy makers, it is important to understand the nature of these impairments, and the impact they may have on students' study behaviours. Three experiments were conducted to replicate and clarify the nature of impairments incremental theorists have to their metacognitive monitoring, and investigate the impact this may have on their study behaviours.
Results: In all three experiments, reporting incremental views of intelligence was not systematically associated with differences in metacognitive judgements, recall, or study behaviours. Conclusion: These results suggest that endorsing an incremental mindset is unlikely to result in difficulties monitoring one's learning or making optimal study decisions, at least when considering study materials of differing difficulty. Theme: Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples meets all the APA requirements for empirical evidence and demonstrates an effective clinical application of attachment theory.
This presentation will describe the nine steps and three change events of the EFCT model that have been identified by process research to move distressed couples toward greater relationship satisfaction and a more secure attachment bond. Abstract: EFT for Couples was developed in the s when emotion was considered a troublesome variable to be kept in the background of couples' therapy. Now, this approach to couples' therapy that meets all the APA requirements for empirical validation, works therapeutically with emotions and the cognitive processes and behavioural tendencies which emotion sequences evoke.
This comprehensive approach is an integration of experiential and systemic approaches, and is undergirded by John Bowlby's attachment principles that highlight our human, universal and lifelong need for close connection. This short presentation will provide an overview to the EFT model and the three change events. Contraindications for the use of EFCT will be stated. This presentation will help practitioners learn the nine steps and three change events of the EFCT model that have been identified by process research to move distressed couples toward greater relationship satisfaction and a more secure attachment bond.
Abstract: EFT for Couples EFCT was developed in the s when emotion was considered a troublesome variable to be kept in the background of couples' therapy. Now, in an era where divorce is common and family dissolution distressing to all concerned, emotions are regarded as too important to ignore. This approach to couples' therapy meets all the APA requirements for empirical validation, and works therapeutically with emotions to reprocess responses that maintain distress, and shape new interactions and bonding events.
EFCT is an integration of experiential and systemic approaches, and is undergirded by John Bowlby's attachment principles that highlight our human, universal and lifelong need for close connection. Distinct from other approaches to couples' therapy that focus on coaching communication skills, teaching behaviours or offering insight, EFCT works empathically with emotions, and uses emotions as agents for change to help build a more secure bond. These change events have been identified by process research to move the distressed couple from insecurity, conflict and alienation to greater relationship satisfaction and security.
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